Select Stage

InfantInfant (3-9 months)
3-6 months   |   6-9 months
ToddlerToddler (9-18 months)
9-12 months   |   12-18 months

Infant hunger cues

Shows likes and dislikes for foods

Enjoys holding food and finger-feeding

Opens mouth wide when offered food on spoon

How much should an infant eat?

Liquids

Liquid

  • Breast Milk

  • Infant formula, iron-fortified

Liquid intake:
About 32 fl oz/day (4-5 feedings)

Solid

Solid

  • Iron-fortified infant cereal

  • Cooked meat, fish, poultry, legumes

  • Cooked vegetables (carrots, peas, sweet potato)

  • Peeled, cooked or ripe fruit (banana, kiwi, apple, avocado)

Solid food intake:
1-2 Tbsp per serving 2-3 times/day (Ensure texture is right)

Consistency

Consistency

  • Crunchy but easy to dissolve

  • Mashed with tiny soft lumps

  • Finely chopped

Key Nutrients

DHA

DHA

DHA is an Omega-3 fat prominent in your baby's brain and important for his normal brain and eye development. By your baby's 2nd birthday, most of his brain growth will have already occurred.

Tip
If using an infant formula, use a formula that has docosahexaenoic acid(DHA). Once on solids, fatty fish is another excellent way to ensure your baby's diet is rich in DHA.

Average DHA amount in breast milk: 0.32% of total fatty acids.*

Iron

Iron

Iron is essential for your baby's physical and mental growth, and as he grows he needs more to meet his nutritional needs. Once your baby is on solids, make sure you provide iron rich foods.

Tip
Iron from animal products, especially meat, is absorbed more easily than from other sources. Vitamin C also helps absorption of iron from plant sources (non-heme-iron).

Iron recommendation:
0-6 months: 0.27 mg/day

DHA

Calcium

Your baby needs calcium for healthy development, especially of his bones and teeth.

Tip
The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends not introducing whole cow's milk until 12 months of age.

Calcium recommendation:
0-6 months: 200mg/day

Introducing Solid Foods

Solids

When and How

At 6 months, you can begin introducing iron rich solid foods one at a time. Wait a least 2 days after each to identify which foods your baby won't tolerate well. The amount she drinks will naturally decrease as her solid food intake increases.

Tip
For up to 9 to 12 months, your baby will ger most of her nutrients from breast milk or formula. As your bay is learning to eat a variety foods with different textures, think of solids as a complement to her diet.

Prevent Choking

Preventing Choking

Start with nearly liquid foods, then gradually introduce foods with thicker textures. Always supervise infants when they're eating.

Tip
Avoid foods like nuts, raw carrots, popcorn, hard, sticky or round candy, raisins, hot dogs and whole grapes.

Avoid

Foods to Avoid

All infants: Sugary drinks or foods Infants under 1: Honey (risk if botulism)

Tip
Limit fruit juice as it may take the place of more nutrient-rich foods. Give only if baby is older than 6 months and drinking from a cup. Limit to 4-6 fl oz per day.

* Average amount of DHA and ARA in worldwide breast milk is 0.32% and 0.47% (mean ± standard deviation of total fatty acids) based on an analysis of 65 studies of 2,474 women).

† Koletzko B et al. J Perinat. Med. 2008;36:5-14

§ For example, herring, mackerel, pollock, salmon and shrimp. Visit the FDA website for advice regarding eating fish.

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