Infant 6 - 9 Months Feeding Guide

Infant hunger cues

Shows likes and dislikes for foods
Enjoys holding food and finger-feeding
Opens mouth wide when offered food on spoon

 

How much should an infant eat?

Liquid

• Breast milk

• Infant formula, iron-fortified

Liquid intake:

• About 32 fl oz/day (4-5 feedings)

Solid

• Iron-fortified infant cereal

• Cooked meat, fish, poultry, legumes

• Cooked vegetables (carrots, peas, sweet potato)

• Peeled, cooked or ripe fruit (banana, kiwi, apple, avocado)

Solid food intake:

• 1-2 Tbsp per serving 2-3 times/day (Ensure texture is right)

Consistency

• Crunchy but easy to dissolve

• Mashed with tiny soft lumps

• Finely chopped

Introducing Solid Foods

When and How

At 6 months, you can begin introducing iron rich solid foods one at a time. Wait a least 2 days after each to identify which foods your baby won't tolerate well. The amount they drink will naturally decrease as their solid food intake increases.

Tip

For up to 9 to 12 months, your baby will get most of their nutrients from breast milk or formula. As your baby is learning to eat a variety foods with different textures, think of solids as a complement to their diet.

Preventing Choking

Start with nearly liquid foods, then gradually introduce foods with thicker textures. Always supervise infants when they're eating.

Tip

Avoid foods like nuts, raw carrots, popcorn, hard, sticky or round candy, raisins, hot dogs and whole grapes.

Foods to Avoid

• All infants: Sugary drinks or foods

• Infants under 1: Honey (risk if botulism)

Tip

Limit fruit juice as it may take the place of more nutrient-rich foods. Give only if baby is older than 6 months and drinking from a cup. Limit to 4-6 fl oz per day.

 

 

Breast milk provides the optimal nutrition for your baby.

How to tell if your baby is getting enough to eat:

• 6-8 wet diapers a day
• Loose yellowish stool (1st month)
• Appropriate weight gain

Tips
• Lactating women should have at least 200 mg of DHA/day†. Eat foods rich in DHA, especially
fatty fish such as salmon, to support your baby’s normal brain and eye development.§
• All breastfed infants should receive a daily Vitamin D supplement of 400 IU (10 μg) until their diet provides it.

* Average amount of DHA and ARA in worldwide breast milk is 0.32% and 0.47% (mean ± standard deviation of total fatty acids) based on an analysis of 65 studies of 2,474 women).
† Koletzko B et al. J Perinat. Med. 2008;36:5-14.
§ For example, herring, mackerel, pollock, salmon and shrimp. Visit the FDA website for advice regarding eating fish.