This is a good time to introduce routines with your child. Before bed, do you read a book first, then sing, then say, "Night, Night"? Try doing the same routine, (whatever you do) so your child begins to understand it is time to go to sleep.
This fun activity will develop hand muscles. Put your child in the high chair and place a few small toys on the tray. Place a large mixing bowl on the floor next to the high chair. Have your child drop each toy into the mixing bowl. Show your child how to use a pincer grasp* when holding each toy.
*Pincer grasp is when your child uses the pointer finger and thumb to grasp an object.
Children's sense of touch helps them learn. Locate three rough objects and three smooth objects, (bark of a tree, sandpaper, rough rock, velvet, leaf, silk). Put your child's hand on the piece of tree bark. Say, "Rough". Put your child's hand on the piece of velvet. Say, "Smooth". Go around the house and point out objects that are 'rough' and 'smooth.'
Children love to be silly. Place your child in front of a mirror. Put different hats on your child's head as you say, "Now you are a a baseball player." You can play as well putting hats on and having your child take them off.
This fun activity will help your child understand 'heavy' and 'light.' Place two plastic containers in front of your child. Put one spoon in one of the containers and fill the other container with 10-15 spoons. Put secure lids on both containers. Give the heavy container to your child. Have your child hold it with two hands. Say, "Heavy". Do the same with the light container, saying, "Light." Place both containers in front of your child. Ask your child to give you the light container. Ask your child to give you the heavy container. Hold other objects and repeat the words 'heavy' and 'light' frequently to reinforce the concept.
Children love special albums made by you for them. Take photos of the rooms in your home. Place the photos in an album and label each with a short sentence: "John's room has a bed and a book shelf, " etc. Place the photo on the left side of the album and the short sentence on the right side.
Have fun matching an animal to the words in this song! Line up the farm animals and sing "OLD MCDONALD HAD A FARM."
Pick up each animal when you hear its name to make the noise. (You can hand the animal to your child to pick up!) If you have animal puppets, it is even more fun!
Children love to be silly with you. Locate finger puppets or make them yourself. (Take a light colored glove and use a permanent marker to make a face on each finger. You can cut out the hand part of the glove, leaving 5 fingers.) Have the puppets speak (using different voices) to your child.