Help Center & FAQs

Frequently Asked Questions

Feeding Issues

Do my baby's crying sounds mean different things?

Absolutely. By the first month, you will be able to tell which cry means what, for the most part. Ask yourself these questions when the waterworks start:

  • Does he need a diaper change?
  • Does he need to be burped?
  • Is he too warm or too cold?
  • Is he uncomfortable?
  • Does he need attention?
  • Has he hurt himself?
  • Is he hungry?
  • Is he tired or over-stimulated?

Related: Understanding Why Babies Cry

How can I be sure my baby is getting enough nutrition if she spits up a lot when she eats?

Adding rice cereal to infant formula increases the calorie content and changes the balance between protein, fat, and carbohydrates. Enfamil A.R. infant formula is nutritionally balanced and more convenient than mixing baby rice cereal with infant formula. And, Enfamil A.R. is clinically proven to reduce frequent spit up. It has added rice starch which allows the formula to become thicker in the stomach.

Related: Why Do Babies Spit Up

How can I help my colicky baby?

Start by talking to your baby's doctor. If these symptoms are due to cow's milk protein allergy, your doctor may be able to suggest a specialty formula to help relieve colic in your baby.

Also, try these mom-tested tips for colicky babies:

  • Soothe your baby with motion-like walking, driving in the car, or pushing him in his stroller.
  • Try holding your baby stomach-down across your lap or arm, and rocking him gently.
  • Put on a “white noise” CD or turn on the vacuum cleaner to create a steady sound that could be soothing to your baby.
  • Try cuddling, or giving your baby a pacifier or swaddling him.
  • Be patient. Most babies outgrow colic at around three months.

Related: Indications of Infant Colic: Soothing a Colicky Baby

How can I help soothe my crying baby?

Aside from addressing his basic needs, you can bring comfort simply by being you. Cuddling, rocking, stroking, talking and walking around with your baby are all time-tested methods.

How can I help with my baby's fussiness and gas?

Fussiness and/or excess gas can be caused by something you ate if you're nursing, or by a sensitivity to lactose in your baby's formula. Try these tips to prevent baby fussiness and gas.

If you're breastfeeding, lay off the spicy or gassy foods like cabbage, garlic, onions, broccoli and caffeine.

If you're formula-feeding, ask your doctor about formulas with partially broken-down proteins and reduced lactose that can help with fussiness or relieve gassy baby.

Related: Crying, Fussiness and Colic: What Doctors Are Learning

How can I keep my baby from spitting up after every meal?

If your baby seems to be spitting up excessively, ask his or her doctor about formulas with added rice starch, which are designed to help reduce spit-up in babies. 

Also, try these simple hints to help reduce spit-up in babies: 

  • Make each feeding as relaxed as possible for him. 
  • If your baby is crying and frantic with hunger, calm her before the feeding. That might prevent her from gulping air. 
  • Keep your baby in an upright position while you feed her. 
  • Make sure the hole in the bottle's nipple is the right size. When you turn the bottle upside down, a few drops of formula should come out. Then the dripping should stop. 
  • Feed him smaller amounts. 
  • Burp your baby after every 2-3 fluid ounces. 
  • Avoid bouncing and very active play right after eating. 

Related: How to Prevent Spitting Up: Everyday Tips

How do I know if my baby has colic?

Excessive crying, especially in the evenings, could mean colic. Colic can be brought on by a food intolerance. If you're nursing, try eliminating spicy or gassy foods such as onions, cabbage and other foods that seem to be upsetting your baby. If you're formula-feeding, you may need to switch to a formula created for babies with food intolerance.

Related: What Is Normal Crying vs. Colic: Myth Versus Truth

How much crying from my baby is normal?

The average 8-week-old cries for about two hours a day. You may notice this around the end of the day, when he's tired from all the stimulation. A fussy baby may cry more often.

Related: Understanding Why Babies Cry

What are multiple food protein allergies?

Multiple food protein allergies are a reaction by the body's immune system to the protein in two or more foods. When the food is eaten, a chain of chemical reactions occur within the body, causing an allergic reaction. Some allergic reactions occur within 30 minutes of eating the food, but can occur as much as 4-6 hours or days later. 

In young children, the foods most likely to cause allergies are cow's milk, eggs, wheat, peanuts, soy, tree nuts, fish and shellfish.

Related: Cow's Milk Allergy

What is a soy protein allergy?

Soy protein allergy is similar to cow’s milk allergy, but it is the soy protein that causes an immune system reaction.

Learn more about cow's milk allergy from the Allergy Center

Related: How Hydrolyzed Formulas Can Help Your Baby

What is cow's milk allergy?

When a germ like a cold virus enters your baby's body, her immune system releases chemicals like histamines to fight it off.1 This is good because it keeps your baby healthy. Sometimes though, immune systems get a little overprotective and cause the body to attack things that aren't really bad for it, such as casein and whey, proteins found in cow's milk.2 Once your little one's immune system identifies cow's milk protein as a health threat, it will want to battle this protein every time she consumes a milk-based product like routine infant formula. This results in persistent allergic reactions like colic, hives, rashes, and respiratory and digestive problems. While it might be upsetting to hear that your baby can't have dairy products, there is a very good chance that this won't always be the case. More than 75 percent of children outgrow cow's milk allergy by age five.3 Still, you should introduce your child to foods made with cow's milk only while under the supervision of a healthcare professional.

Learn more about cow's milk allergy from the Allergy Center

  1. NIH: (under “causes”); American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology: (under “food allergy causes”) and; University of Maryland Medical Center:
  2. Mayo Clinic:
  3. A parent’s guide: Could my baby have CMA? (p. 3, under “How common is CMA?”)

Related: A Parent's Guide to Cow's Milk Allergy

What is the difference between cow's milk allergy and lactose intolerance?

Cow's milk allergy is an immune system response to milk proteins such as casein and whey1. Lactose intolerance is a digestive system response to a milk sugar called lactose. Infants who are lactose intolerant lack an enzyme needed to digest this milk sugar. Cow's milk allergy and lactose intolerance share a few symptoms, such as gas, abdominal pain and diarrhea. But unlike cow's milk allergy, lactose intolerance doesn't engage the immune system and cause allergic reactions such as hives, skin rashes, breathing problems, or chronic runny noses and coughs. Another key difference is the age that children develop these problems. Cow's milk allergy is more common in infancy.2 Lactose intolerance is much more likely to affect children age three years and older.3 Even then, it is very rare.

Learn more about cow's milk allergy from the Allergy Center

  1. Mayo Clinic: (under “Causes”); Parents Guides to CMA (all of them); ACAAI:; National Library of medicine/PubMed:;
  2. Nemours Foundation: (2nd graph)
  3. Mayo Clinic: (under “Condition you’re born with”); U.S. National Library of Medicine:

Related: Lactose Intolerance in Babies

What’s the difference between a food allergy and food intolerance?

A food intolerance does not involve the immune system. Lactose intolerance is the most common type of food intolerance. Symptoms can include gas, bloating, stomach pain, or diarrhea. However, lactose intolerance is rare in babies and young children.

Learn more about cow's milk allergy from the Allergy Center

Related: Is My Baby Lactose Intolerant?

Why is protein causing an allergic reaction in my baby?

Although it is not known why any particular baby will be allergic to cow’s milk protein, there are at least two things that make it possible:

  1. Your baby’s immune system is still very immature, meaning it is less able to distinguish harmful foreign substances from harmless protein.
  2. The whole proteins in cow’s milk are made up of long strings of amino acids, which are able to stimulate an allergic response.

If the protein causes an immune system response, it causes an allergic reaction. What’s worse, if the issue goes unmanaged, your baby may not gain weight and grow like he should.


Learn more about cow's milk allergy from the Allergy Center

Related: A Parent's Guide to Cow's Milk Allergy

Will breastfeeding reduce my baby's chance of experiencing allergies, such as cow's milk protein allergy?

Although the incidence of cow’s milk protein allergy is very low in breastfed infants compared to formula-fed infants, it does happen. It is not an allergy to breast milk itself. Instead, the allergy usually begins after proteins, including cow’s milk protein, are passed from mom to her baby through breast milk.

If you are breastfeeding and your baby is showing allergic behaviors, elimination of common allergens such as cow’s milk, eggs, fish, peanuts, and tree nuts (e.g., almonds, pecans, and Brazil nuts) from your diet could help. It’s best, though, to check with your doctor or dietitian, to let them guide you on what to eat while breastfeeding.

If this doesn’t help, check with your baby’s doctor.

Learn more about cow's milk allergy from the Allergy Center

Related: A Parent's Guide to Cow's Milk Allergy

Will my baby outgrow cow's milk protein allergy?

Most children outgrow cow's milk protein allergy by the age of 3. However, this is not always the case. Doing something about the allergy as early as possible helps. Here are some other things you can do to lower the likelihood of food allergies for your baby:

  • No solid foods until at least 4-6 months of age
  • Breastfeed your baby until at least 1 year of age, if possible
  • Introduce new foods in small portions and one at a time. Watch for a reaction (several days) before introducing the next food
  • Talk to your baby's doctor about introducing foods that commonly cause allergies such as peanuts, egg whites, or fish

Learn more about cow's milk allergy from the Allergy Center

Related: Caring for a Baby with Cow's Milk Allergy
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